Unfortunately, the default-state outcome of a project is failure.
There are so many things that can – and so often do – go wrong.
It’s a bit like the near-miraculous nature of getting a good cup of coffee. The coffee beans can be poor quality, or old, or a poor blend. The grind can be too coarse, too fine. The espresso machine can malfunction, the extraction isn’t perfect, the milk scalded or not heated enough. The “rolled through yield” of likely success seems near-zero!
Projects and coffee-making are both fundamentally exercises in risk management. What we need in both fields of endeavour, therefore, is the right approach, the right set of tools, and the right people, to manage, mitigate (or even eliminate) these obstacles to realise success.